Congrats on finishing Beautiful Day’s quiz about refugees and resettlement in the United States!
We hope you learned something new, and that you enjoy your next order of granola and coffee from Beautiful Day. What’s next? Americans are increasingly divided over whether the U.S. should accept refugees, and it couldn’t come at a worse time. Just as the coronavirus pandemic continues to exacerbate our global refugee crisis, in September of 2020, the U.S. Department of State once again cut its annual refugee admissions quota to a record low level. So, here’s a complete guide to our refugee quiz so that you can share with your friends just how important it is that we do our part to welcome and resettle displaced communities.
Question 1: About how many displaced people are there in the world today?
Data from the United Nations High Commission for Refugees shows that in 2020, almost 79.5 million people are now forcibly displaced. That's about 1% of the world's total population. Forced displacement has almost doubled since 2010 (41 million then vs 79.5 million now).
Question 2: About 2/3 of the world’s refugees come from just five countries. What are they?
- Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Iraq, Iran
- Myanmar, Iraq, Syria, Venezuela, Eritrea
- Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar, Venezuela
68% of all refugees displaced abroad come from just these five countries.
Question 3: What three countries host more refugees than any other?
- United States of America, Germany, Greece
- Egypt, United Kingdom, India
- Turkey, Pakistan, Columbia
Contrary to popular belief, developing countries host 85% of the world’s refugees, and the world’s least developed and poorest countries provide asylum to more than one fourth of all refugees.
Question 4: What percentage of the world’s refugees are children?
An estimated 30-34 million of the 79.5 million forcibly displaced persons were children below 18 years of age, many of whom were unaccompanied or separated from their families. That's more children than the entire populations of Senegal, Singapore, and Switzerland combined.
Question 5: Fill in the blank. One person is displaced every ______ seconds.
In 2019, one person was forced to flee their home every 3 seconds as a result of persecution, conflict, violence, or human rights violations.
Question 6: What percentage of the world’s displaced people are in countries or territories affected by acute food insecurity and malnutrition?
At the end of 2019, a total of 135 million people across 55 countries and territories experienced acute food insecurity, and 4 in 5 forcibly displaced people find themselves in these countries.
Supplementary Learning Resources
Life On Hold, an interactive short film by Al Jazeera
Welcome to the New World, a graphic novel by Jake Halpern
Now in a full-length book, the New York Times Pulitzer Prize-winning graphic story of a refugee family who fled the civil war in Syria to make a new life in America. After escaping a Syrian prison, Ibrahim Aldabaan and his family fled the country to seek protection in America. Among the few refugees to receive visas, they finally landed in JFK airport on November 8, 2016, Election Day. The family had reached a safe harbor, but woke up to the world of Donald Trump and a Muslim ban that would sever them from the grandmother, brothers, sisters, and cousins stranded in exile in Jordan.
Welcome to the New World tells the Aldabaans' story. Resettled in Connecticut with little English, few friends, and even less money, the family of seven strive to create something like home. As a blur of language classes, job-training programs, and the fearsome first days of high school (with hijab) give way to normalcy, the Aldabaans are lulled into a sense of security. A white van cruising slowly past the house prompts some unease, which erupts into full terror when the family receives a death threat and is forced to flee and start all over yet again. The America in which the Aldabaans must make their way is by turns kind and ignorant, generous and cruel, uplifting and heartbreaking.
“The Great Climate Migration,” an investigative report by Abrahm Lustgarten
Today, 1% of the world is a barely livable hot zone. By 2070, that portion could go up to 19%. Billions of people call this land home. Where will they go? This article, the first in a series on global climate migration, is a partnership between ProPublica and The New York Times Magazine, with support from the Pulitzer Center. Read more about the data project that underlies the reporting.